Maximum value bulk modulus water not correct when using non-metric units (relevant for undrained, co

ApplicationPLAXIS 2D
Issue status Solved
First Affected VersionPLAXIS 2D 2010.01
Found in VersionPLAXIS 2D 2010.01
Fixed and Released in VersionPLAXIS 2D 2012.01
Issue #19055
Date created22 May 2013
Date modified24 October 2016

Problem description

In the indicated Plaxis versions an issue exists with the calculation of the maximum value used for the bulk modulus of water when using non-metric units. This issue is only relevant for Undrained (A or B), Consolidation and/or Transient flow calculations and only when using stiffer (sand or rock like) materials. The effects will depend on the situation.

The following is happening: with an Undrained (A or B), consolidation or transient flow analysis the program calculates a bulk modulus for the water (Kw) based on the Input value of the effective soil stiffness( K’). The program by default uses a large ratio between Kw and K’ such that the Plaxis calculation obtains realistic behaviour, but not such that the Plaxis calculation has numerical problems.

However when the Input K’ is already so high that the upscaled Kw would become larger than the real value of Kw the program limits the upscaled Kw value to the real value Kw,max. Unfortunately there is an unit conversion issue with this limiting value, causing problems when using non-metric units. Depending on the selected units the Kw,max value might either be too low or too large.

In the first case (too low Kw,max) this issue might cause too low excess pore pressure to be generated, a too slow consolidation process or result in incorrect discharges in a transient flow calculation. In the second case (too high Kw,max) the issue might cause too high excess pore pressures to be generated, a too fast consolidation process or result in incorrect discharges in a transient flow calculation.


If you are uncertain for your situation if the problem exists and what the effects might be please contact our support department.

This issue is solved since PLAXIS 2D 2012.01